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《中华国民共和国文物掩护法》订正解读

来  源 : 国度文物局网站 解读单位: 国度文物局

发布日期: 2020年01月02日 解读体例: 笔墨体例

名  称: 《中华国民共和国文物掩护法》订正解读 解读范例: 部分解读

相干文件: 中华国民共和国文物掩护法

11月4日,第十二届天下国民代表大会常务委员会第三十次集会审议经由过程了对点窜《中华国民共和国管帐法》等十一部法令的决议,此中包含《中华国民共和国文物掩护法》,自11月5日起实行。这是继2015年4月24日第四次点窜后的又一次主要点窜。6日,国度文物局有关担任人就《文物掩护法》点窜环境停止了回覆。

wen:qingxianrongyixiaciciwenwuyanhufadiancuandebeijinghezhengtihuanjing。

da:ciciwenwuyanhufadiancuanshiweilejinyibutuidongjianzhengfangquan、fangguanlianxi、youhuabanshidingxin,gengdachengdushangjiqishichang、shehuideliyidizaohuoqi,wei“fangguanfu”dingxinfeichuguizhishangdefangai。cicidiancuanchujiwenwuyanhufadiershitiaodierkuan、disishitiaodierkuan、diwushiliudiyikuan、diwushiqitiaodiyikuan、diqishiyitiao、diqishisantiao,duiwenwuyanhudanweijiuzhiyanhu、guoyouwenwubaozangdanweizhijianjieyongguanzangyijiwenwu、wenwushangpushouqiankaohedengshimingtingzhilexiangyingbiaozhun,“jizuojianfa,yezuojiafa”,zaidaxiaoxiangganshenpishibiandetongshi,buchonglexiangyingdeshizhongguohoujixibanfa。

:文物掩护法第二十条第二款删去了“将掩护办法参加可行性研讨报告或设想使命书”,对文物掩护单位旧址掩护会发生甚么影响?

da:zheiyichudiancuanzhishijiangwenwuyanhubanfashenpiyoumingmuhezhundeqianzhishendiancuanweibinglianshenpi,duiwenwuyanhudanweishixingjiuzhiyanhude,wenwuyanhubanfashenpibuzaizuoweijianshemingmuhezhundeqianzhiqianti,zhiyaozaimingmuwangongqianshixian,yumingmuhezhunbingliancaochi,jinyibuyouhualeshenpiliucheng,shenpixiaoliyehuiyousuojinbu。keshi,youyuwenwushibukezaishengdezhuyaowenmingziben,weilebimianyixiegongchengjianshedanweiduobifalingjixi,cicidiancuanyiranbaoliulewenwuxingzhengbufendeshenpiquan,gengzhuyaodeshizengtianlewenwuyanhubanfaweijinghezhundebudewangongjianshedezhizhixingtiaomu,youyongtianbuleyouqianzhishendiancuanweibinglianshenpinenggoufashengdejixitimu,duizengqiangwenwuyanhushiyouyide,henhaodibiaoxianle“fangguanfu”dingxindezhunsheng。

:文物掩护法第四十条设定了国有文物保藏单位之间因举行展览、科学研讨借用馆藏一级文物的审批,此次点窜予以打消,对此作何解读?

da:wenwuyanhufashelizheixiangshenpidechuzhizaiyujixiguoyouwenwubaozangdanweiguanzangyijiwenwudejingtaihuanjing,baozhengguodumingguiwenwudeningjing。keshi,keguanshangyeannaleguoyouwenwubaozangdanweizhijianjieyongguanzangyijiwenwutingzhizhanlan、keyandengshimingdezhudongxing,zheicongshengjiwenwuxingzhengbufenmeiyinianshenpideshumuweijiyenenglvekuiyiban。daxiaozheixiangshenpihou,guoyouwenwubaozangdanweizhijianjieyongyijiwenwu,nenggoujingyouguochengqiandinghetanshuhuoxunuoshu,mingbailiangbianzeren。wenwuxingzhengbufenjingyouguochengzengqiangbeian、pingchangjianshichachaohuobowuguanniandubaogaodengtilitingzhijixi。tongshi,daxiaoshenpiyenengshizaibaozhengbowuguanfarenzizhiquan,zengjinbowuguanchengzhang,yifangmiannenggoukaishiguoyoubowuguanjiezhan、lianzhandehuoqi,nenggougengzizaidichoumoudaxingjiagouzhanlan,ranggengduomingguiwenwuzouchukufang、jinruzhanting,genghaodizhizuguomindazhongduikuajiaohukoudedenghou。lingwaiyifangmian,congmouzhongchengdushangxiangzhengzhebowuguanbenshendezerengengda,xiangyingguizhangguizhibixugenshang,youzhuyuzengjinbowuguanjinshengbanliyunzhuanchengdu。daxiaoshenpiduiguoyoubowuguankeyanshimingyeyouzengjin,tamennenggougenjuxuyaogengduodiyugaodangyuanxiao、keyanjigoudengdanweizhankaixiezuo,jiadaduiguanzangmingguiwenwudaijiadeyantaochanshi。

:此次点窜打消了文物商铺发卖文物的售前审批,有人担忧能够会由于落空羁系而形成国有文物散失等题目,新点窜的文物掩护法对此有甚么详细办法?

da:daxiaowenwushangpufamaiwenwudeshouqianshenpishiciciwenwuyanhufadiancuandezhuyaoneirong,duiwenwushangpubanlishimingjiangfashengshenyuanyingxiang。cicidiancuanbushijianlveyifanglezhi,ershizuolejingxindeguizhishexiang,congshelifumianqingdan、chenglixindebanliguizhi、zengtianchengfahuadingdengfangmiantingzhilezhouquanbiaozhun。yishishengmingwenwushangpuzhizhifamaiwenwudeguimo,xianshishangjiwenwushangpuyunyinghuadinglebunengchaoyuedehongxian。ershiqingqiuchengliwenwugouxiaoxinxiyuxinyubanlitixi,wenwushangpujingyouguochenggaitixilurugouxiaowenwudexinxi,bianyuwenwuxingzhengbufenshishibawohuanjing,duicizhongnenggoucunzaideguoduzhizhifamaiwenwutingzhijiankong;wenwuxingzhengbufenjingyouguocheng“shuangsuiji、yigongran”dengtilitingzhijianshichachao,chachuwenwushangpushoufayunyingxingdong,jiangshoufashiqixinxijiruwenwushangpudexinyujishi,xiangshehuigongran,cihouhaijiangyuguoduzhengxintixitingzhigenwei。sanshiduiwenwushangpuxiangshengjiwenwuxingzhengbufenbeianwenwugouxiaodejishi,tichulemingbaishixian,zheiyeshiqiangpoxingdehuading。sishizaiwenwuyanhufadiqishiyitiaozengtianyikuan,tedihuadingduiwenwushangpufamaiguoduzhizhishengyiwenwuxingdongdechengfa,wenwuxingzhengbufenbuzhinenggouchonggongshoufasuode,nenggouchonggongbufayunyingdewenwu,duiqingjieyanjundehainenggouchexiaowenwushangpudeyunxuzhengshu。lingwai,wenwupaimaiqiyezuoweiwenwuchangtongfanchoudezhuyaoyunyingzhuti,cicidiancuanyeyibingtingzhilebiaozhun。

附:对《中华国民共和国文物掩护法》作出的6处点窜

(yi)jiangdiershitiaodierkuandiancuanwei:“shixingjiuzhiyanhude,jianshedanweigaidangshiqiankendingyanhubanfa,genjuwenwuyanhudanweidejibiebaoxiangyingdewenwuxingzhengbufenhezhun;weijinghezhunde,budewangongjianshe。”

(er)jiangdisishitiaodierkuandiancuanwei:“guoyouwenwubaozangdanweizhijianyinjuxingzhanlan、kexueyantaodengxujieyongguanzangwenwude,gaidangbaozhuguandewenwuxingzhengbufenbeian;jieyongguanzangyijiwenwude,gaidangtongshibaoguowuyuanwenwuxingzhengbufenbeian。”

(san)jiangdiwushiliutiaodiyikuandiancuanwei:“wenwushangpubudefamai、paimaiqiyebudepaimaibenfadiwushiyitiaohuadingdewenwu。”

(si)jiangdiwushiqitiaodiyikuandiancuanwei:“sheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiguomindangjuwenwuxingzhengbufengaidangchengliwenwugouxiao、paimaixinxiyuxinyubanlitixi。wenwushangpucaiban、famaiwenwu,paimaiqiyepaimaiwenwu,gaidanggenjuguoduyouguanhuadingzuochujishi,bingyufamai、paimaiwenwuhousanxunrineibaosheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiguomindangjuwenwuxingzhengbufenbeian。”

(wu)diqishiyitiaozengtianyikuan,zuoweidierkuan:“wenwushangpu、paimaiqiyeyouqiankuanhuadingdeshoufaxingdongde,youxianjiyishangguomindangjuwenwuzhuguanbufenchonggongshoufasuode、bufayunyingdewenwu,shoufayunyingewuwanyuanyishangde,bingchushoufayunyingeyibeiyishangsanbeiyixiadefakuan;shoufayunyingequefawuwanyuande,bingchuwuqianyuanyishangwuwanyuanyixiadefakuan;qingjieyanjunde,youyuanfazhenggouzaochexiaoyunxuzhengshu。”



相干文件: 中华国民共和国文物掩护法